Nearsightedness is a vision condition affecting 40 percent of the U.S. population. Some research supports the theory that nearsightedness is hereditary. Myopia that begins in childhood will increase and progress as a child ages. Early detection and treatment are crucial.
What is childhood myopia (nearsightedness)?
Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a vision condition that occurs in adults and children in which close objects are seen clearly, but objects farther away appear blurred. Nearsightedness occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, has too much curvature. As a result, the light entering the eye isn’t focused correctly, and distant objects look blurred.
What is childhood high myopia (nearsightedness)?
High Myopia is a rare inherited type of high-degree nearsightedness. It happens when your child’s eyeballs grow longer than they should or the cornea is too steep. High myopia is linked to eye diseases such as retinal detachments and glaucoma. Left untreated, high myopia complications can lead to blindness, so regular eye exams are critical.