Did you know women are at a higher risk for visual impairment and blindness? According to the National Eye Institute:
- Two-thirds of blindness and visual impairment occur in women.
- Women have greater instances of eye diseases like age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts.
- 2.7 million women over the age of 40 are visually impaired.
So, why do more women have eye disorders than men? It’s because they:
- Live longer.
- Have a greater risk for auto-immune diseases.
- Are more likely to go through cancer treatments that tend to affect vision.
- Have normal age-related hormonal changes that affect their eyes.
What Women Can Do For Better Eye Health
That’s why it’s even more critical for women to get regular eye exams as they age. This will help in the detection of age-related eye diseases early on. Here’s what you can do:
- Schedule a comprehensive dilated eye exam regularly.
- See your eye doctor at least once a year.
- Know your family’s eye health history.
- Use protective eyewear.
- Wear sunglasses when outdoors.
- Live a healthy lifestyle.
- See your doctor in between annual visits if an issue comes up.
More women than men experience vision loss from eye diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration and glaucoma. Dry eye is another issue that seems to affect women more than their male counterparts. The National Eye Institute says more than three million women and more than 1.5 million men have dry eye.
This is because dry eye is common after menopause; women who prematurely go through menopause are more likely to have eye surface damage due to dry eye.
Pregnancy also brings about vision changes, such as dry eyes, puffy eyelids and refractive changes. They may also experience vision problems due to migraine headaches, diabetes and high blood pressure. Glaucoma medications like carbonic anhydrase inhibitors can cause harm to a developing baby, which is why all pregnant women should talk about any medications and changes in their vision with their eye doctor.
Women should make healthy lifestyles a priority, refraining from smoking and making it a point to exercise regularly. They should also talk to a dietician about their eating habits as well as talk to their doctor before starting any exercise program.
As caregivers, women tend to overlook their own health upkeep because they’re constantly worrying about their spouse and children. This is the time to take care of yourself before you start to experience vision effects.
Contact Simon Eye Associates
Combat your risk for vision problems and make an appointment with your eye doctor today. Please contact us for an appointment at 302-239-1933.