Your blood pressure and your eyes are more related than you might assume. In fact, high blood pressure can lead to vision loss, blurry vision and eye disease. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, damages blood vessels in the retina, which is the area at the back of your eye where you focus images.
The resulting eye disease is referred to as hypertensive retinopathy and it can be very serious if the underlying hypertension is not treated. Possible symptoms may include vision problems and headache. However, most people don’t display any symptoms of this disease at all; rather, it’s usually discovered during a yearly eye exam. That’s why it’s so important to keep up with those annual visits to the eye doctor.
Treatment and prevention are the same in this case: keep your blood pressure under control. Maintain an ideal weight for your age and body type, follow your doctor-recommended diet, exercise regularly, and take your high blood pressure medication as prescribed. Of course, see your primary doctor as directed and your eye doctor at least once a year.
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, hypertension is a risk factor for the onset and/or progression of a variety of other eye diseases, such as:
·Blocked veins and arteries in the retina, leading to vision problems
Glaucoma is one of the more common eye diseases older people face. This condition is caused by optic nerve damage resulting in vision loss, with intraocular pressure being the main risk factor. From elevated eye pressure and family history to age and ethnicity, there are many risk factors involved. Perhaps the biggest elevation of your glaucoma risk comes with higher eye pressure.
There are other correlations between your eyes and blood pressure, specifically in relation to blood flow to the eye. Studies show that ocular perfusion pressure is also a strong risk factor for glaucoma, which refers to the relationship between eye pressure and blood pressure. When blood pressure is low, it’s hard for the blood to supply enough oxygen and nutrients to the brain and remove waste products.
Other than high blood pressure, your daily habits may also be putting you at risk for glaucoma and other eye diseases, such as smoking, having high cholesterol and failing to properly manage your diabetes.
When blood pressure is high, you may experience many problems with your retina, such as:
·Damage to eye nerves as a result of poor blood flow.
·Blocked blood supply to the retinal arteries.
·Blocked veins carrying blood from the retina.
Contact Simon Eye Associates
If you notice any changes in your blood pressure and resulting vision problems, don’t hesitate to call us at 302-239-1933. Or click here to schedule a convenient appointment time online. For your convenience, we have several Delaware locations to choose from.