Eyelid irritations may cause the eyes to get inflamed, resulting in a chronic condition known as blepharitis. It is a common infection which may be easily transferred to others. To learn how to prevent and manage this condition, Simon Eye Associates suggests the following:
Your skin contains normal bacteria, even covering your eyelids. When these bacteria grow too fast, they may cause a biofilm to form, trapping foreign substances and debris. As they accumulate, they can release exotoxins, which sometimes irritates the skin on your eyelids and eyelash bases. This may also trigger an inflammatory response, leading to blepharitis.
According to our Simon Eye optometrists, individuals with oily skin and scalp are at a higher risk of developing this condition. Older individuals are also more likely of having this problem. Advancing age can cause changes in your hormones, affecting oil and sebum production of your skin.
Blepharitis may cause your eyelids to turn red, swollen, and painful. They also often develop flaking and crusting, especially on the edges. Your eyelids’ smooth lining may turn rough as well. In more severe cases, sores can form on the affected areas too, causing your eyelashes to fall out.
Eyelid inflammation can affect neighboring tear ducts, potentially reducing their tear production rate which can further aggravate the condition. It’s also possible that this eyelid inflammation could lead to excessive tearing or corneal irritation. If you have any of these, visit your eye doctor as soon as possible.
Our Recommended Management
Preventive care and corrective management of blepharitis include gentle but thorough cleaning of your skin, particularly your face, and eyelids. We also suggest applying warm compresses and gentle lid scrubs to your eyelid margin to help loosen the crusts on your eyelids. To contain the bacterial activity, we sometimes prescribe antibiotics as well. For more severe cases, we may suggest other medications or other lid treatment procedures.