Your body changes as you age, and your vision may also be affected. As you approach your 60s, your risk of developing several common vision problems increases, which is why it’s crucial to visit your eye doctor for regular check-ups.
Here, Dr. Brown, one of our Simon Eye Associates optometrists in Middletown, DE, discusses six common age-related vision problems and how best to manage them:
1. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
This condition involves a breakdown of your macula, the central area of your retina responsible for visual acuity, which results in loss of sight in your central vision. While this condition has no definite cure, early detection can help prevent it or at least slow its progression.
Cataracts are caused by changes in the protein of the lens in your eye, resulting in the clouding of your eye lens and reduced visual capacity. Common symptoms include hazy vision, fading of colors, and increased sensitivity to light and glare. Cataract surgery resolves this condition..
3. Diabetic Retinopathy
This disorder is the leading cause of new vision loss in the US and occurs in diabetics when the blood vessels in the retina break down and begin to leak fluids and blood. The condition usually affects both eyes and can lead to severe vision impairment and blindness.
Since this disorder is a complication of diabetes, we advise closely monitoring your sugar level, take your prescribed medications, and live a healthy lifestyle. We recommend that you have your annual eye care at one of our six New Castle County locations to help with early detection. We may also suggest treatment for advanced stages of this condition.
4. Dry Eye Syndrome
Decreased production of tears or more commonly declining quality of the oil glands of your eyelids causes this condition. Symptoms include redness in the eyes and a burning sensation or sandy feeling. Treatment depends on the cause of your dry eye, which our doctors will determine at your appointment. We may initially offer application of artificial teardrops or lid treatment to manage this condition.
This refers to a group of conditions involving damage to the optic nerve and often associated with elevated eye pressure. Glaucoma can lead to vision loss and even blindness. As early detection is vital in the management of glaucoma, and the condition may be asymptomatic in the beginning stages, we strongly advise regular eye exams. We may recommend medication, laser therapy, or surgery.
6. Retinal Detachment
The retina is a light-sensitive, thin layer of tissue that lines the back of your eyes. Factors including trauma, high nearsightedness, age-related health problems, diabetes and other health issues can cause the retina to begin to separate from its underlying layer of blood supply, resulting in detachment. Common symptoms include the appearance of floaters, curtaining/veiling of side vision, sudden flashes of light, and blurred vision. These symptoms can indicate an emergency and should be seen by one of our doctors immediately.
Contact us today at (302) 239-1933 to schedule an appointment and learn more about these conditions or fill out our contact form.